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Last year, the number of shipments under unified way bill grew by 1.6 times from 2012. Introduction of a standard way bill uniting the countries with different transport law (CIM and SMGS) indicated a successful adaptation of Ukrainian transport system to globalization process, the Information-Analytical Bulletin of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine informs.
In 2013, over 57,800 shipments were made under a standard way bill CIM/SMGS. Thus, the number of shipments in 2012 was exceeded by 1.6 times and the number of shipments under the way bill in 2007 – by 14.7 times.
In total, 40,379 carload shipments (export – 28,528, import – 496, transit – 11,355) and 17.435 container shipments (export – 2,675, import – 665, transit – 14,095) were made under a standard way bill.
Export container shipments included empty containers to be loaded in Romania; carload shipments – wood and timber, metal products, chemical fertilizers, quartzite, sugar, etc. In container shipments, main imports included timber, chipboards, and empty own containers. In carload shipments – chipboards, steel, petrol. On transit routes, container shipments included vehicle spare parts, wooden packaging (return, empty containers) and carload shipments – sugar, furniture, paper, etc.
Experts say the introduction of an international standard CIM/SMGS way bill is intended to normalize cargo shipments in the East-West direction. The way bill is used to attract and increase the scope of shipments between the countries of different transport systems (CIM, SMGS). Its main advantages include a chance to avoid the need to modify documents at the border, simplified customs clearance, and reduced stay of cars at the border stations. Last year, main shipment directions included Romania, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Germany, Moldova, Kazakhstan, and Russia (including the transit).