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The Cabinet of Ministers has approved draft amendments to the Law “On transfer of state-owned and community property."
The Ministry of Economic Development and Trade (MEDT) explain that the purpose of the proposed changes is simplification of the real estate transfer from state-owned to community property for pre-school institutions, the Information-Analytical Bulletin of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine informs.
It is assumed that the state-owned real estate items will be transferred free to community property by bodies authorized to manage state property. At the same time, local governments are required to ensure that the transferred property will be used only for the intended purpose. Subsequently, these facilities may be handed over to private owners only after coordination with the State Property Fund, Ministry of Economic Development and the Ministry of Finance.
NGOs leaders say one of the main objectives of government’s social policy should be an all-round development of children. In this case, preschool institutions should be the basis of children development policy. These are the places where the little citizens’ personalities are formed. Therefore, every child should have access to preschool education.
According to the government plans, the network of preschool institutions should be expanded during 2013-2014 to provide places for 85% of preschool children, according to the European standards. This should be achieved by means of reopening of kindergartens in the buildings where they had functioned in the 1980-90s. It is also planned to open kindergartens in the suitable reequipped buildings.
In addition, in the process of planning and construction of new housing neighborhoods, space for preschool institutions must be provided in residential and social infrastructure units.
Experts from the Ministry of Labour and Social Policy point out that in recent years the need for preschool institutions increases due to the increased birth rate.
According to the State Statistics Service, in January-August 2013 329,864 children were born, and the average birth rate in Ukraine for the period was 10.9 persons per 1,000.
In 2012 520,704 children were born in Ukraine, while in 2002 - 390,687 children. Experts point out that in 2012 the birth rate was the highest since 1994.
This is achieved, in particular, by reducing the under 1-year-old mortality rate. At the end of 2012 the under 1 mortality rate was the lowest since the proclamation of Ukrainian independence. And there are prospects for further reduction of this figure. Thus, in January-August 2013 the death rate was 7.9 per 1,000 live births, by the end of 2012 - 8.5, 2011 - 9.1, 2010 - 9.1, 2009 - 9 3, 2002 – 10.5.
President Viktor Yanukovych's reform program suggests that by the end of 2014 the overall infant mortality rate should be reduced to 6.5%. The mortality rate reduction is possible largely due to the opening of perinatal centers in the regions of Ukraine.