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The Ukrainian government did not demonstrate in the past year an increased effort in the investigation of modern slavery crimes and protection of their victims. Therefore, this country has been moved to the watchlist, this is stated in the annual U.S. Department of State's Trafficking in Persons Report 2013.
"The government of Ukraine does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking; however, it is making significant efforts to do so. Despite these steps, the government did not demonstrate evidence of overall increasing efforts to address human trafficking - particularly in terms of devoting resources to investigating trafficking crimes and protecting trafficking victims; therefore, Ukraine is placed on Tier 2 Watch List,” the report says, Ukrinform informed.
Ukraine is "a source, transit, and, increasingly, destination country for men, women, and children subjected to forced labor and sex trafficking." Ukrainians most at risk of trafficking are from rural areas with limited access to employment opportunities and are often targeted by Ukrainian recruiters using fraud, coercion, and debt bondage.
Unlike last year's report, the current one calls not 36, but 16 foreign countries, where Ukrainian victims of human trafficking were transported to. This list, the same as in the past year, includes Russia, Poland, Iraq, Spain, Turkey, Cyprus, Portugal, Czech Republic, Israel, Italy, the United Arab Emirates, Montenegro, Kazakhstan, and three new destinations - Great Britain, Seychelles and Tunisia.
In Ukraine itself, according to the report, there are cases of using forced labor of citizens of Moldova, Uzbekistan, Pakistan, Cameroon and Azerbaijan. The branches of labor exploitation have remained the same - construction, agriculture, manufacturing, domestic work, the lumber industry, nursing, and forced begging.