President of Ukraine Viktor Yanukovych proposes to grant citizens the right of legislative initiative. This is stated in the annual President’s address to the Verkhovna Rada on the domestic and foreign situation in Ukraine.
Such a bill is proposed to be submitted to consideration of the Parliament at the request of not less than 80 million voters. Laws, passed by national referendum, are to be changed no sooner than in five years or by a constitutional majority of the parliament (300 MPs) of the next convocation.
The President also proposes to introduce a "public veto" - the ability to cancel laws, passed by Parliament, on the national referendum.
The law, passed by referendum, shall take effect as well as other laws - upon the date of publication
In addition, it is proposed to introduce the institution of the constitutional complaint as an opportunity for citizens to defend their rights against the state.
Yanukovych noted that the rights of citizens are now narrowed, as only the President, 45 and more MPs, Commissioner for Human Rights, the Cabinet of Ministers, public authorities and local governments may apply to the Constitutional Court.
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