"Nowadays, employers, including state institutions, often conceal information about vacancies on enterprises. I charge the employment service to work out a draft bill, toughening the responsibility for hiding or providing not full information regarding vacancies," she said.
According to her, the State employment center should work on improving the level of credibility and professionalism. Among the priorities, the minister pointed out the task to increase employment of people, non-competitive on the labor market, and to reduce the term of employment for the unemployed. "Do not wait for one year to say 'no' to an unemployed person."
Summing up, Korolevska reported that there are 1.7 million unemployed in Ukraine. ForUm decided to ask politicians and experts whether the proposed fines could revive the labor market.
Volodymyr Lupatsiy, expert, political scientist, executive director of the Center for social research "Sofia":
- The approach to the problem must be systemic. If no vacancies announced, it means either there are no vacancies or business is not interested in it. There must be a normal dialogue between the authorities and business associations. It is obvious that the government alone cannot solve the problems of the labor market. A cooperation formula is needed to involve the business.
Working places are not only the matter of salaries and social payments. It is a rate of the model of economic development, investment climate in the country and the system of taxation. The business should start practicing Corporate Social Responsibility - a standard adopted in Europe in 2011. CSR is a process with the aim to embrace responsibility for the company's actions and encourage a positive impact through its activities on the environment, consumers, employees, communities, stakeholders and all other members of the public sphere. Thus, it is a part of the social policy.
If Ukraine intends to integrate politically into Europe, social standards must be also brought in line.
Yaroslav Sukhoi, member of the parliamentary committee on social policy and labor:
- We should act within the current legislation and not make things up. What does it mean to fine employers? Only courts can fine.
Hryhoriy Osovoi, deputy chairman of the Trade Unions Federation of Ukraine:
- There is the law. If the law says that Ukrainians must be informed about new vacancies, the law must be executed. On average, there are 12 candidates for one working place in Ukraine, and in some regions, the rate is up to 30 candidates. If we want to provide every citizen with the right for labor, we should take certain measures. Employers must be open for the labor market; otherwise, the functions of the employment service are not executed.
Andriy Pavlovski, member of the parliamentary committee on social policy and labor:
- There must be a three-sided dialogue among employers, trade unions and the state. People working in social funds, including employment centers, are non-professionals and care only about financial inflows. Each social fund has a budget of 5-7 billion hryvnias annually, and Natalia Korolevska wants to take them all under her control.
It is obvious that she dreams to run for parliament again in the future, and her statements are nothing but the election campaign. Moreover, she has never worked in the social security sphere and simply does not know how to deal with it.
Petro Symonenko, MP, leader of the Communist Party:
- Not a single plant or a factory has been built in Ukraine for 20 years. What have they done with shipbuilding, heavy engineering, agriculture engineering? It is naive to trust politicians who came from business and became ministers just because they were stealing in large amounts. When we speak about employers, each case is individual.
On one hand, employers must execute the law of Ukraine on employment, but on the other hand, we should consider conditions the state has or has not created for these employers. Has it created conditions for transparent activity or only for shadow economy? Has it opened internal market for domestic producers or only for others? Corruption grows and employers have hard time solving their own problems.
I do not justify employers, but we need to consider the matter without bias and to analyze all the processes going within this matter. The most important is to determine which political will this decision follows - a will to solve the unemployment problem or an oligarchic will to steal more money.
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