Winter is one of the most difficult periods in fish's life. Snow covers frozen water and does not let the light to pass through, while vegetation start rotting and producing sulfurated hydrogen and carbon dioxide. At the end of January - beginning of February fish begin to suffocate because of lack of oxygen and die.  

Every year the state fishery agency follows the situation on possible fish die-off and takes measures to prevent it. The state fishery agency often uses the help of the department on preservation of aquatic bioresources and fishing and representatives of public organizations of fishermen.

This time ForUm observed how fishermen save fish in Kanev water basin. Entry of Pavlovka River is one of the problem places for fish. This fish fry died because of lack of oxygen.

Deputy head of "Kyiv fishery inspection" Oleksandr Kucherenko says that fish fry are the first to catch hell. "When the level of oxygen falls lower than three mg per liter, which happens mainly during thaw, fish start to die off. The state fishery agency regularly monitors water temperature and oxygen level. We mostly go to small ponds, cut from the water basin."

To save the fish, 'rescuers' drill holes in the ice and insert reed.

First deputy manager of "Kyiv fishery inspection" Oleksandr Kvasylchuk tells that this time they are using help of two private fisheries.

Fishermen, in turn, state that they work voluntarily and are always ready to help in saving basins and fish resources.

A fisherman Volodymyr Pasechnyi shows us a spring-well near the riverbank, where fish seek escape from suffocating.

"Bream and roach are first to feel the lack of oxygen, while pike perch, bass and pike suffer the most. We hope that today we will make a good job and that the majority of fish will survive."

This is a 'house' of a beaver family - about ten beasties. Animals have to be very careful not fall into poachers' traps.

By the way, fish living in Pavlovka River have another serious problem - new riverfront summerhouses, which dump domestic waste into the water.

To move on ice fishermen use snowmobiles "Buran", remained since Soviet times. Despite the considerable age, the machines are still in good state.

Apart from ice-holes, fishermen also use a power pump for water aeration. Water reaches the surface through hosepipes and then returns oxygen-rich to the pond through ice-holes.

Old timers like to recall when Kyiv ponds used to be overrun with fish. Unfortunately, those times are gone mainly due to destructive activity of men. In order to preserve what has left, it is worth trying to help fish to survive the winter period. Keep the nearest pond under observation and drill ice-holes from time to time. In case of fish die-off, report immediately to the "Kyiv fishery inspection".

Anastasia Pika, photos by Maxim Trebukhov


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