This state holiday, which symbolizes the unity of Ukrainian lands, has been marked annually since 1999, according to a presidential decree.
On January 22, 1919, the St. Sophia Square in Kyiv hosted a meeting proclaiming the Act of Unification of Ukrainian lands, which was certified by the universal on the unification of the Ukrainian People's Republic (UNR) and the Western Ukrainian People's Republic (ZUNR) into a single Ukraine. It concerned the unification of the two former states, which were formed after the collapse of the Russian and Austro-Hungarian empires, into a single Ukrainian state, which has since become the guarantor of the national interests of Ukrainians. Ukrainian people who were split for many centuries freed themselves from captivity and reunited on their land into a single Ukrainian state.
Although the Unification Act of 1919 was declarative, the idea of unity continued to exist. And later, on January 22, 1990, millions of then-Soviet Ukrainian lined up in a human chain from Kyiv to Lviv, celebrating the Unity Day.
Today, the Liberty Day will be celebrated throughout Ukraine.
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