On Sunday, October 28, all voting stations open at 8 a.m. sharp, and all 36.6 million voters will be able to exercise their right to vote in the election. For this, every voter must come to a voting station with his passport, get two voting papers and chose MPs on proportional and plurality voting systems.  ForUm has decided to remind certain rules of voting.

Who can and who cannot

The law stipulates that parliamentary elections are general, and every full-aged citizen has the right to vote. Only those, recognized by court as legally incompetent, cannot vote.

Every competent voter is included in the list of voters, attached to every voting station. Voters could check their data in the preliminary lists through October 22. Now, the lists are final and any changes, except for technical error, can be introduced by court order only.

Working until the last voter leaves?

Ukraine votes for 12 hours: all voting stations are opened from 8 a.m. till 8 p.m., without a break. In the evening, five minutes before 8 p.m., the chairman of the district election commission will announce the end of the voting process and closing of the voting station.

But what if there is a line in a voting station and not every voter has had time to fill in the ballot papers? According to the law, "voters present at the voting station by 8 p.m. have right to vote." One of the commission members must invite all comers inside the premises and close the door.

Voting paper? Give me two!

This time there are two types of voting papers: party lists and FPTP ("First Past the Post") lists.

The voting papers differ in color and size. "Party" voting papers are of light yellow color and200х600 mm in size, while "FPTP" ballot papers are of light green color and their size depends on the number of single-mandate candidates in the district.

The text of voting papers is in the Ukrainian language. Both documents have various levels of protection, including special visible and invisible inks.

Your documents, please

To get the voting papers a voter must prove his identity.  Driving license and student's ticket are not valid as ID document during elections, only the passport or temporary ID of a citizen of Ukraine will be accepted.

Conscript soldiers can provide military IDs, and detainees must provide certificates, issued by penal institutions or detention facilities.

Ukrainians abroad must provide the travel passport, diplomatic or service passport. Voters abroad will get only one ballot paper, as they can vote on party lists only.

If your inner passport has expired and you have not renewed the photo upon reaching 25 and 45 years old, you will still get the voting papers and will be able to exercise your right. CEC explanations say that district election commissions are not authorized to control the procedural formalities of passport issuance. According to the law, voters with expired passports cannot be refused the right to vote if their names have been included in the list of voters.  

Voters can still vote if the name of the street or the number of the house was changed by the decision of local authorities, and the registration data in the passport does not correspond to the voting address on the electoral register. If there is confirmation that data discrepancy refers to the same street and building number, it cannot be considered as a ground to refuse participation in the voting.

Filling technique

It is not difficult to fill in the voting paper. A voter must come inside a voting cabin, put a mark against the name of a party or the name of a single-mandate candidate. According to the law, the voter must mark the name with "+" or "any other mark defining the choice of the voter", meaning it can be a cross, smiley or any word.

If you leave the voting paper unfilled, according to the law it must be recognized invalid. But remember, that empty voting paper is a temptation.

If a voter, overwhelmed with emotions, unintentionally damages the voting paper, he must apply in written form to the member of the commission, who gave him the paper and ask to give another one.
If you arrive to your voting station and it turns out someone has already voted for you, you will not be given another voting paper. In such situation, the voter must appeal to an observer with a request to register a violation and to the commission or court to complain against the member of the commission, who gave your voting paper to a wrong person. Moreover, the voter must report to the police.

The law strictly forbids filling in the voting paper for someone. The only exception is the disabled, who physically cannot follow the procedure, and the law allows such people to apply for help with the consent of the chairman or a member of the district electoral commission. At the same time, the very members of the commission cannot assist with voting.

It is also prohibited to hand over voting papers to other people or to take them away. After filling in the voting paper, the voter must drop in the ballot box.

What about the results?

Results of the elections will be known before November 12 of this year. Today we can only hypothesize about the results, and there is still time to decide on a candidate or party. And even if you don't want to vote for any name, you must go to vote. High voter turnover is not only the level of public stance, but also a safety lock against frauds, as CEC deputy head Andriy Mahera said. "Society must be active and conscious. Society must understand that this is the country they live in, and this is the country their children and grandchildren will live. For this, society must be responsible."

Yulia Artamoshchenko


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