The Central Election Commission has announced the official start of the election campaign - July 30. In 90 days, the people will go to vote - the parliamentary elections will take place on October 28.

As a reminder, according to the new law, people's deputies are elected under a mixed system - 225 deputies of the Ukrainian parliament are elected under a proportional representation system in a national multi-member constituency, and another 225 deputies are elected in majority constituencies. Only political parties can run for parliamentary seats, the participation of blocs of political parties is banned.

The expenses for preparation and holding of parliamentary elections are financed by the state budget, as well as by parties and candidates, which are obliged to form their election funds. A candidate can be nominated simultaneously under a party list and under constituencies.

Nomination of candidates starts on July 30 and finishes on August 9. This time all candidates will be registered by the Central Election Commission. The documents of candidates must be submitted before August 13 and considered within five after application. Another two days are given to examine and correct mistakes in personal data. Hence, the registration finishes on August 20.

ForUm has asked the political scientist and political strategists how the political activity will change in Ukraine after the official start of the election campaign.

Volodymyr Lupatsiy, deputy director of "Sofia" social research center:

- The most unpredictable situation will develop at majority constituencies, especially when a little-known single-mandate company from the ruling party will compete with influential opposition representative.

It is obvious that in this case the administrative advantage will play the key role and may cause local protests and a split among the voters. At the same time, at constituencies with more or less equal candidates the fight will not be so epic.

It is also possible we will hear some new names among single-mandate candidates who may offer some adequate program. At the same time, the disappointment in known politicians will grow among the populations.

Bohdan Oleksyuk, expert of the Institute on open politics:

- We should expect the usual promises of the moon. I believe this election campaign will be boring. I do not expect any bright PR actions or high-quality advertising.

I doubt the candidates will offer good and realizable strategic programs. The people will face a dilemma: either to ignore the elections or to vote for what we have.

Dmytro Korchynski, leader of "Brotherhood", president of the Institute on regional policy and modern political science:

- One of Ukraine's specific features is that dirt about candidates is not effective. For example, saying that a politician steals means nothing for people. Nobody will even pay attention. But if you say that a candidate does not steal, it will be very unusual and will draw attention. Hence, I do not expect dominance of black and dirty PR. The shot-off of candidates is also not expected. In general, it will be ordinary campaign without surprises.

As for Ukrainian voters, there may an intrigue. Many people do not like both the authorities and opposition, and may seek for an alternative.

Denis Bogush, political strategist, president of Bohush Communications, vice president of Ukrainian PR League and a member of IPRA:

- Nothing is going to change after July 30 in the lives either of politicians or of the people. It's just the beginning of the election campaign. After Chernobyl, for example, the life changed the next day. But I doubt something will happen immediately after July 30.

The buzz will begin somewhere in mid-August. Both the Party of Regions and United opposition have just appointed the meetings, on which they will decide who works where. Then they will create head quarters and in a month or two will start "brightening" our minds with their political advertising.

Oleksandr Paliy, independent expert:

- This election campaign will be complicated, especially at majority constituencies. The fact is that under current legislation, a single-mandate candidate can win a parliamentary seat after gaining 10% of votes. Hence, I expect falsifications.

Our society is disappointed in 'old' politicians, so I don't rule out some new and unexpected candidates to step up. However, money will have the major influence over the process, and I believe the ruling party has an advantage. The opposition, in its turn, has nothing new to offer.

Volodymyr kornilov, political scientist, director of Ukrainian branch of CIS Institute:

- Of course, the amount of political advertising will increase. We will get a bunch of black and dirty PR actions, but the situation is not that bad. Even though the population is skeptical and negative towards the election campaigns, they are good for economy and the people.

The election campaign is a period when politicians finally remember about the people and start building children playgrounds and financing repair of residential areas. During this period, the money comes back to the economy.

In addition, during the campaign politicians offer jobs to the population. You can already see young people waving flags of this or that party. Our advertising market will get a boost, and for the next two months, the economy will receive stable income and GDP growth. What will happen after is a different story...


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