During the Washington summit on nuclear security in 2010, Ukraine announced its decision to eliminate its stockpiles of highly enriched uranium before the next summit on nuclear security, which will be held in Seoul on March 26-27, 2012. The decision was backed with a number of political documents and official statements.
On March 22, 2012, Ukraine fully complied with its obligations by ensuring the removal to Russia, with the assistance of the United States and the IAEA, of the last batch of highly enriched nuclear materials from Kharkiv Institute of Physics and Technology.
"Through this step, our state has once again confirmed its long-standing commitment to nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation and made a practical contribution to further strengthening of the non-proliferation regime established by the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons," the statement reads.
Within the realization of bilateral agreements reached with the United States, Ukraine received an equivalent amount of slightly enriched uranium and related equipment.
With funding from the United States, the newest neutron source is being constructed at Kharkiv Institute of Physics and Technology, using the latest technology.
These steps, as well as further cooperation with the United States in this sphere, will help strengthen the potential of national research institutions in the sphere of applied nuclear physics and create a basis for receiving a wide range of medical isotopes to diagnose and treat different types of cancer.
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