"To recognise Ukraine’s aspirations pursuant to Article 49 of the Treaty on European Union, provided that all criteria, including respect for the principles of democracy, human rights, fundamental freedoms and the rule of law, are met," says a motion for a European Parliament resolution, adopted at today's session.
The EP also notes that a deepening of relations between the EU and Ukraine and the fact of offering Ukraine a European perspective are of great significance and in the interests of both parties.
The EP also urges "to make the necessary progress in order to achieve the rapid initialling of an EU-Ukraine Association Agreement, preferably by the end of 2011 if possible."
At the same time the EP recommends to ensure, in line with the demands made in Parliament’s resolution of 27 October 2011, that this important initiative within the Eastern Partnership goes hand in hand with commitments by Ukraine to implement the necessary reforms and strengthen democratic values, human rights and the rule of law.
The document also recommends to provide Ukraine with sufficient financial, technical and legal assistance during both the preparatory period and the implementation of the agreement, and to strengthen its administrative capacity by increasing all forms of available assistance in this area.
MEPs proposes to consider setting up a high-level EU advisory group to assist Ukraine in its efforts to align itself with EU legislation and to set up a mutual exchange programme for civil and judicial servants in order to facilitate the implementation of the Association Agreement.
To avoid any political risks the European parliament stands "for development of clear safeguard measures and a possible mechanism for the temporary suspension of the whole Association Agreement in the event that essential and fundamental principles thereof are ignored or deliberately violated by Ukraine."
Regarding political dialogue, the EP recommends to assist Ukraine in the process of achieving a comprehensive reform of the judiciary in line with EU standards, so as to prevent the selective use of justice and guarantee an independent, fair, impartial and transparent legal procedure ensuring that legal proceedings cannot be used for political purposes and are conducted in strict accordance with the rule of law.
In order to achieve the above mentioned goals the EP recommends "to set up a joint mechanism involving Ukrainian and EU experts, with the participation of representatives of the Venice Commission and to establish further training and exchange programmes in the field of justice and home affairs and in the security sector with a view to implementing EU best practice in relation to the rule of law."
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