Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine Volodymyr Lytvyn is convinced that the proportional election system deprives the parliament of leadership.

"If the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine had now to assume the same responsibility as the parliament of 2004 elections did, it would fail to prove its leadership," Volodymyr Lytvyn stated opening the Seventeenth Sitting of Ukraine-EU Parliamentary Cooperation Committee, ForUm learned from the parliamentary press office.

The speaker explains this situation by the fact that the acting Verkhovna Rada was formed according to the closed party lists, whereas the parliament of 2002-2006 was elected under the mixed majoritarian-proportional system.

According to Lytvyn, the problem lies in the lack of real "naturally formed" political parties. "The parties are often created in particular circumstances at the expense of the oligarchs who sell places in their electoral lists," he emphasized.

According to Lytvyn expectations, fifty political formations will take part in the parliamentary elections in 2012. The speaker also expressed a hope that the situation will change and parliamentary elections in 2017 will be held according to the open party lists or under the majoritarian system. "The mixed election system suggested by the newly-adopted law on election of the people´s deputies is only the first step towards a compromise," Lytvyn stated.

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