The gas coordination group discussed rising tensions between Moscow and Ukraine, the country through which about 80 percent of exports to Europe from Russian gas export monopoly Gazprom flow.
The EU wants to avert a repeat of January's gas crisis when a payment dispute between the two sides led to Russia cutting off supplies into Ukraine, including those destined for Europe.
"The Commission urged both parties, Gazprom and Naftogaz, to reach a stable and long-term arrangement to secure transit towards the EU," the European Union executive said in a statement.
"The European Commission emphasized that all parties should fulfil their legal and contractual obligations as far as transit to EU is concerned," it added.
Ukraine has highlighted difficulties paying for its future imports. That has raised fears of another cut to Russian gas, which accounts for around 25 percent of all EU consumption.
"The possibility of a new gas shortage in summer calls for an in-depth investigation of its impact on the next winter, as this will affect the preparedness of the EU shippers to supply their customers," the Commission said.
Ukrainian officials say they need some $4 billion of credits to buy Russian gas, and hope to get it from European banks.
Naftogaz put the required sum at $4.2 billion but said large-scale borrowing could be avoided if European companies bought more gas than currently needed and stored it in Ukraine.
Naftogaz deputy chief Ihor Didenko told reporters in Brussels he hoped for a positive preliminary decision from European banks in the next two weeks.
"We do not have enough of our own money to pay for all the quantity of gas we need to buy from Gazprom for Ukrainian consumption and for pumping to underground storage," he said.
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