The working group, instructed to finalize the law on principles of national language policy, prepared its new version.
The bill retains the status of Ukrainian as the state language and contains measures to protect it. In particular, the use of the state language is compulsory in courts and paperwork, in the activities of public authorities, the armed forces, science and education, advertising fields. The law establishes the 75 percent quota for broadcasting in the Ukrainian language (now - 25%) of the total daily broadcast. Broadcast of programs and films in other languages must be accompanied by Ukrainian dubbing or subtitling.
The document does not provide for obtaining regional status by the languages of national minorities. It indicates that the members of territorial community, using certain minority language, may initiate "measures to protect it," providing at least 30% native speakers of the total the number of inhabitants of a settlement. Now the recognition of the regional language is permitted in the settlements, where the share of native speakers is at least 10%. Moreover, it will become much more difficult to request for measures to protect the minority language.
According to the member of the working group, adviser to the President Hanna Herman, a proposed version of the bill yesterday was supported by overwhelming majority of the group. "This is a working proposal. It will be submitted to the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine for examination. So the figure of 30% may not be the final one. At the meeting, Leonid Kravchuk stood for 30%, I talked about 20%. Following the conclusions of the NASU experts, the final version of the bill will be approved," Herman said.
In her view, the 30% limit is not to reduce the use of regional languages, less common than Russian. "There are other suggestions how to support the languages of national minorities. For example, we offer to separately consider measures to protect the Crimean Tatar language within the Crimean Autonomy and include them in the bill as a separate item," the advisor to the President said.
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