The case relates to an investigation into a $405-million debt owed to the Russian Defense Ministry by Ukrainian United Energy Systems, which was headed by Tymoshenko in the 1990s.
“Yulia Tymoshenko, being the president and actually the owner of the United Energy Systems, has been charged for carrying out an attempt to embezzle funds from the Ukrainian budget under a preliminary agreement with then-Prime Minister Pavel Lazarenko,” Ivan Derevyanko, said.
"The investigation established that in November 1995 Tymoshenko agreed with then first vice PM Pavlo Lazarenko to create a regulated commercial organization in order to use it as mediator in gas deals with Russia. Lazarenko was supposed to include this organization into the list of suppliers of Russian gas to Ukrainian consumers and to provide it with possibility to pay for gas with material assets, not money. From her side, Tymoshenko was supposed to run the organization and to work out a system to withdraw the money, subjected for payment, in order to transfer it to her and Lazarenko's accounts abroad.
Lazarenko prepared a number of official documents for the Russian government, in which he proved the necessity to use the United Energy Systems of Ukraine as gas supplier. By the time of Lazarenko's address to the Russian government, the corporation United Energy Systems had not been created yet.
Later, Tymoshenko created LTD with foreign investments 'United Energy Systems'. The new company was founded on the basis of small companies, controlled by Tymoshenko, including United Energy, registered in Great Britain.
As the president of the United Energy Systems, Tymoshenko concluded a number of agreements with Gazprom on supplies of Russian gas to Ukrainian consumers. In accordance with the agreements, Tymoshenko's companies delivered Ukrainian goods to Defense Ministry of Russia as payment for the supplied gas.
Then, Tymoshenko concluded a fictitious agreement between the United Energy Systems and United Energy (of Great Britain), both controlled by Tymoshenko. According to the agreement, the United Energy was made a mediator in gas supplies from Gazprom. Hence, instead of transferring payment for gas to Gazprom, Tymoshenko transferred one milliard dollars to the accounts of United Energy (of Great Britain).
Later this money was transferred to the accounts of Somali Enterprise, a company founded by Tymoshenko as well, and to personal accounts of Lazarenko in Swiss banks. Part of the money was transferred to Tymoshenko's personal card account.
In 1996 Gazprom refused to supply gas through the United Energy Systems of Ukraine, and then PM Pavlo Lazarenko charged then Minister Anatoly Minchenko to give Gazprom the state guarantees. According to these guarantees, the government of Ukraine binds to pay off debts if any to Gazprom for the gas supplied through the mediator United Energy Systems of Ukraine.
Knowing about governmental guarantees and still having real possibility to pay for supplied gas, in May, 2000 Tymoshenko stopped any goods supplies to Russian Defense Ministry as payment for gas. Hence, she shifted obligations of her company to the state in the person of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine.
Due to lack of payment for the gas supplied through the United Energy Systems, in June, 2011 the Russian Defense Ministry addressed the Cabinet of Minister of Ukraine with a demand to pay off the debt amounting 405 million500 thousand dollars," Derevyanko explained the details.
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